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A lady's guide to Menstruation

Life as a Woman begins from the day the we completely freak out when we witness ourselves bleeding from down there for the first time. And trust us when we say, most of us still don’t know what really goes on inside our body when we menstruate, let alone why we menstruate. It is what it is, right?

However, Senitta has in store for all you ladies a guide to menstruation. We shall not be throwing jargons at you but discussing a basic understanding of periods. India as a country is a land of superstitions and myths and we want to take this opportunity to talk about one such forbidden topicsbecause there is nothing to whisper about it. It is a part of life and it is time we have “The Talk”.

Why do women get periods?

There are basically three stages to Menstruation: follicular phase, ovulation and the luteal phase. The science behind it is fairly simple (to understand).

Menstruation: Menstruation is the elimination of the thickened lining of the uterus (endometrium) from the body through the vagina. Menstrual fluid contains blood, cells from the lining of the uterus (endometrial cells), and mucus. The average length of a period is between three days and one week.

Follicular phase: From the first day of menstruation, the follicular process begins and ends with ovulation. The pituitary gland produces follicular stimulant hormone (FSH), as a result of hypothalamus. This hormone activates the ovary to develop between 5 to 20 follicles (minor nodules or cysts). There's an immature egg in every follicle. In fact, only one follicle matures into an egg and the others die. This may occur in a 28-day cycle around day 10. The growth of the follicles stimulates uterine lining to thicken in order to prepare for possible pregnancy.

Ovulation Phase: The liberation from the surface of the ovary of a mature egg is ovulation. It normally happens mid-cycle about two weeks before the onset of menstruation. The developing follicle leads to an increase in oestrogen levels during the follicular phase. The brain hypothalamus acknowledges these through principles and releases a substance known as gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH). This hormone leads to increased production of luteinising hormone (LH) and FSH from the pituitary gland. The high levels of LH cause ovulation within two days. The embryo is funnelled into the fallopian tube and towards the uterus. The average egg's life span is only about 24 hours. It will die if it does not find a sperm during this process.

Luteal phase: The damaged follicle stays on the surface of the ovary. The follicle then transforms into corpus luteum for the next two weeks. Corpus Luteum starts releasing progesterone and small amounts of oestrogen and this hormone mixture maintains the thickened lining of the uterus, waiting for implant. In a 28-day period, if the woman does not become pregnant the corpus luteum withers. The drop in the progesterone level causes the lining of the uterus to fall away. And the entire menstrual cycle repeats!

Periods can change

After a first menstruation, cycles fluctuate for a while. Nonetheless, if you had your time for several years, the length and volume of each cycle would usually be about the same. Nonetheless, you may notice changes sometimes - the amount and quality of your period depend on your hormones that may differ. Because of things like stress, exercise, diet, or emergency anticonception drugs (the morning after pills), hormones that change temporarily. You may also skip a period or it can arrive later than usual, heavier, or thinner, or shorter than the norm, if you don't ovulate per cycle. Not ovulating properly, anovulation, is a common cause of transient absence or prolonged menstrual periods during puberty and perimenopause. Periods also may vary due to certain conditions of health such as uterine polyps, fibroids or PCOS, which should be addressed with your doctor. Some conditions of bleeding and medicines may also affect menstrual bleeding.

Cramps are common

Most women experience cramps, especially in the first few days.

Pro-tip: Using a warm heating pad, and in the worst cases, taking some kind of pills to relieve the pain (consult your gynaecologist). But consult a doctor if you experience severe cramps or have sever PMS which makes the everyday activities difficult.

Periods are the natural and healthy part of your life. They should never get in the way of your everyday life like exercising, having fun, and enjoying life. Senitta’s good absorbent and anti-bacterial qualities is made just for you and your comfortable periods. The dioxin-free pads give you a kind of comfort and reliability that leads you towards a healthier you. Trust in Senitta for we listened to your requirements and came up with a solution to your menstruation related problems.